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Understanding The Magento Architecture


Magento is by far the most popular eCommerce platform available today. It powers thousands of online stores and provides businesses with a robust backend to support their online business. This eCommerce platform is flexible, scales as your business grows and has a robust architecture that it is built on. It includes easy to use shopping carts, inventory management features and also supports extensive customization.

Magento also follows the object – oriented programming principles that allows for greater flexibility of software components. This helps in creating highly customized storefronts for businesses of diverse verticals.

Layered Architecture

Magento has a strongly layered architecture that effectively separates the presentation layer from the business logic. This greatly simplifies the customization of the store in terms of appearance as well as features.

It enables developers to understand the way it works in order to place the right features and code. It tweaks the classic model view controller model and files within a module are grouped by functionality rather than file type.

It consists of the following layers:

Presentation Layer: This layer in the architecture provides the view components such as layouts, blocks and templates. It also contains the process commands that form the user interface. Other than this, it includes the web API service bindings etc.

Service Layer: This includes the business logic and the interface used to interact with the business logic. For example, you can create customers and create tax rates etc.

Domain Layer: This is used to provide business logic and functionality in the base classes as well as in the data access capabilities that you can customize as per requirements.


This platform is known for being extensible because it uses dependency injection and service contracts. The benefits of using dependency injection are that you can modify a module without altering the client.

In short, it has the ability to extend the store front's capabilities as your business grows. It replaces or extends the code rather than editing the same code. The integrity of the product is hence maintained.


Modules are known as the basic functional units of this platform. They contain the logic to execute the required functions. Magento developers write innovative modules to extend the core features of this platform to make it more appealing to your business and customers. Themes can also be created separately and integrated into the system. You can greatly enhance the store's visual design and make it more attractive.

Overall, this platform is based on the a strong backing of well-known open source technologies like the Linux OS, Apache web server, My SQL database, Zend as well as Composer.


Source by Gadani Dhwanan