Most people who own a website have never thought about the code and programing that makes it work. When you use a website you see the designed layout and use the interface but behind the scenes there is a whole lot of code that makes it run. There are many different programming languages that can make a website work and most of them communicate with each other to create a website that functions well and looks good.
To add more functionality and complicated features you will need some back-end programming to make it work. The back-end programming languages are very different to their front-end counterparts, but generally they need to work together to make the design and function come together as one. The main back-end languages used are PHP, ASP, JSP, Coldfusion and .Net. These languages are used for what is called a dynamic website. Dynamic websites are normally connected to a database which stores information for the website and can be updated using a content management system (CMS). It can store all the text, the images, statistics, members and anything else. The database can display and cross reference any data stored – which makes it a powerful tool in building larger websites.
There are quite a few pre-built content management systems that can be downloaded for free or some more elaborate systems that can be bought for a once off fee or on a subscription basis. Some web designers choose to utilize these content management systems and specilise in re-designing and customizing the software. Other web designers choose to build there own content management systems using their preferred web programming language. These custom built systems can be specifically tailored to the websites features where as their pre-built counterparts generally have certain guidelines to stick to.
There are many factors that contribute to a website working and functioning well. The code behind the web design needs to seamlessly fit with the back-end programming and CMS. Many websites work differently but perform that same functions. Think of all the different websites being like different car brands – All cars have a shell, paint work and get you to where you're going but under the hood there are different technologies and parts that make them run. Some are fast, powerful and luxurious others are economocal, comfortable and practical.